Vulnerabilities

Vulnerability Report: Critical Flaws In Microsoft, VMware, Veeam, ASUS

Cyble threat researchers identified more than 2 million assets exposed to the week’s top vulnerabilities.

by Paul Shread June 24th, 2024

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Cyble Research & Intelligence Labs (CRIL) last week analyzed 154 vulnerabilities in its weekly vulnerability report, including critical flaws in products from the likes of Microsoft, VMware, Veeam and ASUS.

A whopping 126 of the vulnerabilities occurred in Siemens industrial control systems (ICS) products, potentially putting critical manufacturing infrastructure at risk.

About 25,000 new security vulnerabilities are discovered each year, yet only a small percentage of those are actively exploited by threat actors. To help security teams focus on the most important vulnerabilities and threats, The Cyber Express is collaborating with Cyble’s highly skilled dark web and threat intelligence researchers to highlight security vulnerabilities that warrant particularly close attention.

The Week’s Top Vulnerabilities

Cyble’s weekly report focused on 9 of the vulnerabilities in particular; they are:

CVE-2024-37079, CVE-2024-37080 and CVE-2024-37081: VMware

Impact Analysis: These critical and high severity heap-overflow and privilege escalation vulnerabilities impact the VMware vCenter Server, a central management platform for VMware vSphere, enabling the management of virtual machines and ESXi hosts. With the global usage of the impacted product and the history of leveraging flaws impacting vCenter, there is strong potential for threat actors (Tas) to leverage these critical vulnerabilities also.

Internet Exposure: Yes

Available Patch? Yes

CVE-2024-3080: ASUS Router Bypass

Impact Analysis: This critical authentication bypass vulnerability impacts certain ASUS router models, allowing unauthenticated remote attackers to log in to the device. Recently, the Taiwan Computer Emergency Response Team informed users about the vulnerability and released an advisory with fixes to patch the flaw.

Internet Exposure: Yes

Patch Available? Yes

CVE-2024-3912: ASUS Arbitrary Firmware Upload Vulnerability

Impact Analysis: This critical arbitrary firmware upload vulnerability impacts certain ASUS router models, allowing unauthenticated remote attackers to execute arbitrary system commands on the device. The Taiwan Computer Emergency Response Team also informed users about this vulnerability and released an advisory with fixes to patch the flaw.

Internet Exposure: Yes

Patch Available? Yes

CVE-2024-29855: Veeam Recovery Orchestrator

Impact Analysis: This critical authentication bypass vulnerability impacts the Veeam Recovery Orchestrator. The recovery solution extends the capabilities of the Veeam Data Platform by automating recovery processes and providing comprehensive reporting and testing features. The availability of a recent publicly available proof-of-concept (PoC) exploit for this vulnerability elevates the risk of exploitation in attacks by TAs.

Internet Exposure: No

Patch Available? Yes

CVE-2024-30103: Microsoft Outlook RCE Vulnerability

Impact Analysis: This high-severity remote code execution (RCE) vulnerability impacts Microsoft Outlook. Since the zero-click RCE flaw can be exploited simply by opening and previewing an email that contains a malicious payload in the body of the email, requiring no further interaction from the user, there are high possibilities for the weaponization of the vulnerability by TAs in targeting government and private entities.

Internet Exposure: No

Patch Available? Yes

CVE-2024-30078: Windows Wi-Fi Driver RCE Vulnerability

Impact Analysis: This high severity remote code execution (RCE) vulnerability impacts Windows Wi-Fi Driver. With the wide usage of Windows devices around the world and the ability to exploit without the need for any user interaction, TAs can leverage the flaw to gain initial access to the devices and later install malware and exfiltrate user data.

Internet Exposure: No

Patch Available? Yes

CVE-2024-37051: JetBrains GitHub Plugin Vulnerability

Impact Analysis: This critical vulnerability in the JetBrains GitHub plugin on the IntelliJ open-source platform affects all IntelliJ-based IDEs, leading to the exposure of GitHub access tokens. TAs can leverage the vulnerability by using exposed tokens to gain unauthorized access to user GitHub accounts and repositories and possibly deploy malicious code or delete the repositories.

Internet Exposure: No

Patch Available? Yes

CISA Adds 5 Vulnerabilities to KEV Catalog

Five of the vulnerabilities in the Cyble report were added to CISA’s Known Exploited Vulnerabilities (KEV) catalog:

  • CVE-2024-32896, an Android Pixel vulnerability with a 7.8 CVSSv3 criticality score
  • CVE-2024-26169, a Microsoft Windows error reporting service elevation of privilege vulnerability with a 7.8 criticality rating
  • CVE-2024-4358, a Progress Telerik Report Server vulnerability with a 9.8 rating
  • CVE-2024-4610, an Arm Mali GPU Kernel Driver vulnerability with a 5.5 rating
  • CVE-2024-4577, a PHP remote code execution flaw, a 9.8 vulnerability that Cyble addressed in last week’s report

The full Cyble report available for clients covers all these vulnerabilities, along with details and discussion around exploits found on the dark web, industrial control system (ICS) vulnerability intelligence, and cybersecurity defenses. Cyble security analysts also conducted scans of customer environments to alert them of any exposures – and found more than 2 million exposures to 13 of the vulnerabilities.

Stay ahead of cyber threats with the Weekly Vulnerability Intelligence Report by Cyble, brought to you by The Cyber Express. Subscribe now for the latest insights powered by Cyble’s advanced AI-driven threat intelligence.

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