India’s Pig Butchering Scams: Financial Deception Exposed

The modus operandi of these fraudsters revolves around the creation and dissemination of counterfeit .

by Ashish Khaitan March 11, 2024 in Firewall Daily, Main Story Reading Time: 4 mins read 0

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In recent years, the financial industry in India has been marred by the spread of , a sophisticated network of fraudulent schemes targeting unsuspecting investors. 

These scams, originating from China in 2020, have since evolved into a pervasive threat, infiltrating various Asian countries, including India, Taiwan, and Korea. 

The modus operandi of these fraudsters revolves around the creation and dissemination of counterfeit trading applications, designed to mimic legitimate platforms and lure investors with promises of lucrative returns. 

Understanding the Pig Butchering Scams: The Beginning

The , aptly named for its ruthless nature in cutting away investors' funds, is a confidence trick used by scammers to commit investment fraud. In most pig butchering scams, scammers lure unsuspecting victims into making contributions, in the form of cryptocurrency, to a seemingly sound investment before the party they are dealing with disappears.

These scams operate on the premise of exploiting investors' trust through deceptive practices, primarily leveraging digital platforms like social media and mobile applications.

By masquerading as legitimate brokerage firms or trading platforms, fraudsters initiate contact with potential victims, gradually building trust and credibility before stealing online funds. 

According to Cyble Research and Intelligence Labs (CRIL), the proliferation of pig butchering scams in India has been facilitated by the widespread use of social media platforms such as Facebook and Instagram. 

Through targeted advertisements promising substantial profits in the stock market, scammers initiate contact with individuals, often directing them to join WhatsApp or Telegram groups. Within these groups, victims are bombarded with promises of insider tips and high returns, fostering a false sense of security and trust in the scam operators.

Digging Deeper Into Pig Butchering Scams in India

The pig butchering scams in India follow a carefully orchestrated script, beginning with enticing social media advertisements that lure users into joining trading groups promising insider knowledge and lucrative investment opportunities. Victims initially experience success as scammers provide recommendations on profitable stocks, leading to small gains and fostering trust. 

However, the scheme takes a disturbing turn when victims are introduced to counterfeit trading applications that offer even greater returns. As victims invest large sums, they find themselves unable to withdraw funds, ultimately realizing they've fallen prey to a scam.

CRIL's report has led to the unmasking of the perpetrators behind them. Investigations have revealed a web of compromised developer accounts used to disseminate fraudulent applications. 

Chinese cybercriminals have been implicated in orchestrating these schemes, evident from linguistic clues in source codes and arrests made by Indian authorities. Moreover, scammers have gone to great lengths to lend credibility to their operations, even impersonating reputable Indian brokerage firms.

Moreover, the pig butchering scam transcends geographical boundaries, with incidents reported in countries beyond India's borders. Taiwan and Korea have also fallen victim to similar schemes, highlighting the global reach of these fraudulent activities. 

The Role of Trading Applications and Government Intervention

Counterfeit trading applications play a crucial role in helping these scams. By masquerading as legitimate platforms, they lure investors into their trap, promising substantial returns that never materialize. Phishing sites further compound the issue, distributing fake applications under the guise of renowned Indian brokers, thereby amplifying the scam's reach and sophistication.

According to a The Wall Street Journal report, China has intensified efforts to dismantle cybercrime groups operating from neighboring countries, targeting individuals worldwide in pig butchering scams. 

In a sweeping crackdown last year, China has apprehended 31,000 suspects in Myanmar, a major hub for such crimes. This crackdown has dealt a blow to these networks, with several fraud dens eradicated, as announced by China's Ministry of Public Security.

Moreover, authorities have intensified efforts to dismantle these scam networks, resulting in arrests and seizures of assets. Recent crackdowns in India have led to the apprehension of individuals linked to Chinese cybercriminals, shedding light on the intricate web of international cooperation required to combat such crimes effectively.

In addition to pig butchering scams, a new threat has emerged in the form of the Telegram Task Scam. Operating on a similar premise, this scam entices victims with promises of easy tasks and lucrative rewards. However, as with pig butchering scams, the scheme ultimately leads to financial loss for unsuspecting participants.


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